Harvard Referencing online tutorial script This tutorial will explain why you need to
reference your work and introduce you to the LSBU Harvard referencing system. You need to reference your work in order:
To prove that substantial research has been done to support your analysis
To give credit to other people’s work To enable others to follow up on your work
And also… To avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism is the act of presenting the work
or ideas of another as your own. This is cheating and degrades academic standards. You can avoid
plagiarism by referencing your work using the LSBU Harvard system. There are two elements to referencing. First
is the use of in-text citations and second is the reference list. The in-text citation is when you refer to
someone’s work in your essay. This is normally the surname of the author and the year their
work was published. The reference list comes at the end of your
work and details all the resources you’ve referred to in your essay. Let’s look at in-text citation. This can
be done in two ways. You can start the sentence with the citation details i.e. Smith, brackets,
2011 close brackets. Or, you can end your sentence with the citation details i.e. Brackets
Smith comma 2011 close brackets. If you directly quote from an author, you’ll
need to put the words in quotation marks and add the page number to the citation details
i.e. brackets Smith comma 2011 comma p. 17 close brackets. For this tutorial, we will look at how to
reference a book, a journal article and a website.
In ways, they are very similar in terms of the details you need about each item, but
each are presented in a different way in your reference list. Let’s start with a book. In order to successfully
reference a book, you will need: The authors name.
The year the book was published. The title of the book.
The place the book was published. And the name of the publisher. These details can usually be found on the
title page and imprint page of a book. So you can see, the author is Mike Cardwell,
the year of publication is 2010, the title of the book is A-Z Handbook Psychology, the
edition is 4th edition, the place of publication is Deddington and the publisher is Philip
Alan Updates. So, the reference would like this……..
You have the author’s surname and initial, the year in brackets, the title in italics,
the edition of the book, the place of publication and the publisher. Let’s move on to referencing a journal article.
In order to successfully reference a journal article you will need:
The author’s name The year the article was published
The title of the article The title of the journal
The volume and issue number and the page range of the article
This information can usually be found on the front page of the article and sometimes on
the front cover of the journal. In this case, you can find all the details
you need on the front cover of the article: You can see, the authors are Fred Bronner
and Robert de Hoog, the year of publication is 2013, the title of the article is Social
Media and Consumer Choice, the title of the journal is International Journal of Market
Research, the volume number is 56, the issue number is 1 and the page range is 51-71. So the reference would look like this……. You have the author’s surnames and initials,
the year in brackets, the title of the article, the journal title in italics, the volume and
issue number and the page range of the article. Lastly, let’s look at referencing a website. In order to do this you will need: The author’s name (when there isn’t an
author, you can use the corporate author, for example the BBC)
Year the page was created/ updated Title of the webpage
The full URL which is the link in the address bar at the top
The date you accessed the webpage So, in this case, you can see the author is
the BBC, the year the page was created is 2014, the title of the article is Children
‘influenced by parents’ screen-viewing habits’. Then the full URL taken from the address bar
and the date you accessed the site. So, if you accessed the website on the 7th
May 2014, your reference would look like this: You have the corporate author’s name followed
by the year the page was updated. You then have title of the website in italics. This
is followed by the full URL and then the date you accessed the article. Here are a few tips to help you when you’re
referencing your work. Keep track of everything you have used — you
could start compiling your reference list as soon as you start reading a document
Make accurate notes to distinguish your own words between ideas from the work of other
people Be consistent
It is better to reference too much than not enough
If you are unsure, ask! The library has produced a Harvard Referencing
Helpsheet which can be found under our “How to” guides. We also have copies of this
in the library for you to take. If you’d like a one-to-one appointment with
your Information Skills Adviser, you can contact them for an appointment. Details will be on
the next slide. Don’t forget the Research helpdesk. This
is on Level 3 Bridge of the Perry library and is open during term time between, 11am
— 4.30pm. Look out for our Skills Days or Assignment
Surgeries — these are advertised online and in the library. You can come along for
support with referencing. Here are the contact details for the Skills
Advisers should you require further help. We hope you have found this tutorial useful.